python实现网站分页

原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_36380516/article/details/80295101

在web开发中,Flask web项目中实现分页,使用py编写。
首先,自定义一个分页工具类page_utils:


    
   


    class Pagination(object):
    	def __init__(self, current_page, total_count, base_url, params, per_page_count=5, max_pager_count=11):
        try:
            current_page = int(current_page)
        except Exception as e:
            current_page = 1
        if current_page <= 0:
            current_page = 1
        self.current_page = current_page
        # 数据总条数
        self.total_count = total_count

        # 每页显示10条数据
        self.per_page_count = per_page_count

        # 页面上应该显示的最大页码
        max_page_num, div = divmod(total_count, per_page_count)
        if div:
            max_page_num += 1
        self.max_page_num = max_page_num

        # 页面上默认显示11个页码(当前页在中间)
        self.max_pager_count = max_pager_count
        self.half_max_pager_count = int((max_pager_count - 1) / 2)

        # URL前缀
        self.base_url = base_url

        # request.GET
        import copy
        params = copy.deepcopy(params)
        get_dict = params.to_dict()

        self.params = get_dict

    @property
    def start(self):
        return (self.current_page - 1) * self.per_page_count

    @property
    def end(self):
        return self.current_page * self.per_page_count

    def page_html(self):
        # 如果总页数 <= 11
        if self.max_page_num <= self.max_pager_count:
            pager_start = 1
            pager_end = self.max_page_num
        # 如果总页数 > 11
        else:
            # 如果当前页 <= 5
            if self.current_page <= self.half_max_pager_count:
                pager_start = 1
                pager_end = self.max_pager_count
            else:
                # 当前页 + 5 > 总页码
                if (self.current_page + self.half_max_pager_count) > self.max_page_num:
                    pager_end = self.max_page_num
                    pager_start = self.max_page_num - self.max_pager_count + 1  # 倒这数11个
                else:
                    pager_start = self.current_page - self.half_max_pager_count
                    pager_end = self.current_page + self.half_max_pager_count

        page_html_list = []
        # {source:[2,], status:[2], gender:[2],consultant:[1],page:[1]}
        # 首页
        self.params['page'] = 1
        first_page = '<li><a href="%s?%s">首页</a></li>'  % (self.base_url, urlencode(self.params),)
        page_html_list.append(first_page)
        # 上一页
        self.params["page"] = self.current_page - 1
        if self.params["page"] < 1:
            pervious_page = '<li class="disabled"><a href="%s?%s" aria-label="Previous">上一页</span></a></li>'%(self.base_url, urlencode(self.params))
        else:
            pervious_page = '<li><a href = "%s?%s" aria-label = "Previous" >上一页</span></a></li>' % (
            self.base_url, urlencode(self.params))
        page_html_list.append(pervious_page)
        # 中间页码
        for i in range(pager_start, pager_end + 1):
            self.params['page'] = i
            if i == self.current_page:
                temp = '<li class="active"><a href="%s?%s">%s</a></li>' % (self.base_url, urlencode(self.params), i,)
            else:
                temp = '<li><a href="%s?%s">%s</a></li>' % (self.base_url, urlencode(self.params), i,)
            page_html_list.append(temp)

        # 下一页
        self.params["page"] = self.current_page + 1
        if self.params["page"] > self.max_page_num:
            self.params["page"] = self.current_page
            next_page = '<li class="disabled"><a href = "%s?%s" aria-label = "Next">下一页</span></a></li >' % (self.base_url, urlencode(self.params))
        else:
            next_page = '<li><a href = "%s?%s" aria-label = "Next">下一页</span></a></li>' % (
            self.base_url, urlencode(self.params))
        page_html_list.append(next_page)

        # 尾页
        self.params['page'] = self.max_page_num
        last_page = '<li><a href="%s?%s">尾页</a></li>' % (self.base_url, urlencode(self.params),)
        page_html_list.append(last_page)

        return ''.join(page_html_list)

自定义方法中的参数:
current_page——表示当前页。
total_count——表示数据总条数。
base_url——表示分页URL前缀,请求的前缀获取可以通过Flask的request.path方法,无需自己指定。
例如:我们的路由方法为@app.route(’/test’),request.path方法即可获取/test。
params——表示请求传入的数据,params可以通过request.args动态获取。
例如:我们链接点击为:http://localhost:5000/test?page=10,此时request.args获取数据为ImmutableMultiDict([(‘page’, u’10’)])
per_page_count——指定每页显示数。
max_pager_count——指定页面最大显示页码

flask一个简单实战:

@application.route('/admin/blog-center/blogmanage')
@login_required
def blog_center_blogmanage():
    #分页的对象
    li = []
    #从数据库中获得所有博文
    blognums = Blog.query.count()
    #以时间倒序的方式排列
    blogs=Blog.query.order_by(Blog.create_time.desc())
    #li列表内装的是每一条博文
    for i in range(0, blognums):
        li.append(blogs[i])
    #per_page_count是每一页最多显示的条数    
    pager_obj = Pagination(request.args.get("page", 1), len(li), request.path, request.args, per_page_count=5)
    index_list = li[pager_obj.start:pager_obj.end]
    html = pager_obj.page_html()
    return render_template('admin/blog-center-blogmanage.html',index_list=index_list, html=html)

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